Social guarantees

Non-EU nationals who hold a permit of a long-term resident of the Republic of Lithuania (RL) to reside in the European Community (hereinafter, a permanent residence permit) have equal rights with Lithuanian citizens in the social security field. They can claim all paid benefits and services as well as those that are funded from the state or municipal budget. 

Non-EU nationals who hold a temporary residence permit in the RL (hereinafter, a temporary residence permit) can claim only paid social guarantees (unless they work legally in Lithuania and pay social insurance for the respective period of time). 

Non-EU nationals holding a temporary residence permit are able to receive the following benefits and social services: 

  • sickness benefit 
  • maternity (paternity) allowance 
  • benefits in case of a workplace accident or occupational disease. 

However, monetary social support (social benefits, such as the unemployment benefit, support for a pregnant woman who is not entitled to maternity allowance (under the Law on Sickness and Maternity Social Security (the latest amendments of the Law will come into the force on 1 January 2019)), supplementary compensation of the costs of permanent upkeep (assistance) or permanent care, occupational disability rehabilitation allowance, the single settlement allowance, monetary social assistance, social assistance pension; compensation of the costs of heating, drinking water, and hot water costs) is only available to foreigners who have a permanent residence permit. 

State social insurance is a part of the social security framework, its main purpose being to guarantee a source of income for the insured who lose their income because of disease, motherhood, old age, disability (loss of working capacity), or otherwise. State social insurance is available to all individuals who pay social insurance contributions themselves or who have their social insurance contributions paid by other persons. 

Individuals may my insured with the following types of social insurance in Lithuania: 

  1. Unemployment social insurance;
  2. Sickness and maternity social insurance; 
  3. Social insurance against accidents at work and occupational diseases. 

The procedure for payment of social insurance contributions 

If you work under an employment contract or receive income under an authorship contract, social insurance contributions are assessed and paid on behalf of the employee or the person who pays your salary under the authorship contract. 

If you engage in private business activity under a certificate of private business activity, you are obligated to calculate and pay your social insurance contributions yourself. 

Social insurance contributions are paid to the State Social Insurance Fund under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, SODRA. 

Unemployment social insurance reimburses to the insured the income lost as a result of unemployment, either in part or in full. 

In accordance with the Law on the State Social Insurance and the Law on the Unemployment Social Insurance, unemployment social insurance is available to persons who worked in Lithuania under an employment contract (including persons seconded to Lithuania of a period of more than one year) and have accumulated an unemployment insurance record of 12 months or longer during the last 30 months before being registered with the regional Labour Exchange. In this case, unemployment benefits are paid for 9 months. 

If you lost your job, you should apply to the regional Labour Exchange and submit an application to receive your unemployment benefit (after registration you will have the right to unemployment benefits and won’t need to pay compulsory health insurance contributions (PSD) (more information in Lithuanian is available here). 

When your application for unemployment benefits is received, the regional Labour Exchange will provide the data to Sodra, which will pay the benefits. 

An unemployment benefit is granted within 10 business days from the date of receipt of the information necessary for the entitlement to the unemployment benefit and assessment of its size and payment duration. 

More information: 

Monthly benefits related to the birth of a child and to child-raising are the following: 

  • Maternity benefits (paid for the period of the pregnancy and maternity leave) 

Maternity benefits for the period of pregnancy and maternity leave are available both to non-EU nationals who hold a temporary residence permit, and those who hold a permanent residence permit provided: 

  • They work in Lithuania (under an employment contract, by engaging in private business activity, as business owners, etc.); 
  • They have a maternity social insurance record of 12 months or longer during the last 24 months. 

A non-EU national who holds a temporary residence permit cannot receive a lump sum benefit for the pregnant woman, which is granted 70 calendar days before the labour (after 28 weeks of pregnancy) and consists of 2 Basic Social Benefits. 

  • Paternity leave benefits (paid for the period of paternity leave to the father of the child) 

Paternity leave benefits are available both to non-EU nationals who hold a temporary residence permit, and those who hold a permanent residence permit provided: 

  • They work in Lithuania (under an employment contract, by engaging in private business activity, as business owners, etc.); 
  • They have a paternity social insurance record of 12 months or longer during the last 24 months. 

The paternity benefit is paid from the day of the childbirth until the child is one month old. The benefit amounts to 100% of the beneficiary’s compensatory wage. Monthly paternity benefits cannot be less than the size of 6 Basic Social Benefits. 

  • Child-care benefits (paid to one of the parents for the period of the child-care leave) 

The paternity leave benefit is available both to non-EU nationals who hold a temporary residence permit, and those who hold a permanent residence permit provided: 

  • They work in Lithuania (under an employment contract, by engaging in private business activity, as business owners, etc.) 
  • They have a paternity social insurance record of 12 months or longer during the last 24 months. 

A child-care benefit shall be paid for the period of a child-care leave from the end of the pregnancy and childbirth leave until the child is one or two years old. 

The amount of the childcare benefit depends on the chosen duration of the benefit. If you choose to receive the benefit until the child turns 1 year old, the amount of the benefit is 100% of the compensatory wage. 

If you choose to receive the benefit until the child turns 2 years old, the benefit is 70% of the compensatory wage until the child turns 1 year old and 40%, until the child turns 2 years old. 

Lump-sum benefit upon the birth of a child 

The lump-sum benefit for the child is paid for every child born/adopted and declared in Lithuania. The lump-sum benefit is paid to one of the parents or the guardian. In order to receive this benefit one of the parents or the child must be a permanent resident of the RL. 

In order to receive the lump-sum benefit upon the birth of a child, you should apply to the Social Support Unit of the municipality of your place of residence within 1 year after the birth of the child. You should have a Lithuanian child-birth certificate, an application, and a valid ID. 

The application to receive the lump-sum benefit upon the birth of a child can also be submitted on-line. 

Benefits for a child 

Since 2018, every child (from the birth to 18 years of age and older, if they study in secondary school, up to a maximum of 21 years of age) is entitled to the benefits for a child. The amount consist of EUR 30 regardless of the income of the family. 

Additional benefits of the child are available to persons living together and/or taking care of a child, if their average income per person is less than the state supported income (EUR 183 as of 2018). 

Non-EU nationals are entitled to the benefits for a child if they: 

  • hold a permanent residence permit; 
  • hold a temporary residence permit as high skilled employees; 
  • hold a temporary residence permit and are allowed to work in the RL and who work or worked in the RL for a period of at least 6 months and are registered as jobseekers in the regional Labour Exchange, with the exception of foreigners who have a residence permit to study in the country. 

More information: 

The purpose of the sickness and temporary disability benefit is to compensate the salary when a person is not able to go to work due to an illness. 

Both non-EU nationals who hold a temporary residence permit and those who hold a temporary residence permit are entitled to sick pay if they: 

  • work in Lithuania (under an employment contract, by engaging in private business activity, as business owners, etc.); 
  • become sick during the work period and on the day of qualification of temporary disability have a sickness social insurance record of 3 months or longer during the last 12 months, or 6 months or longer during the last 24 months, with the exception of cases provided in the Law on Sickness and Maternity Social Insurance. 

More information: 

In Lithuania, a person is entitled to a state social insurance old-age pension if he/she meets all of the following requirements: 

  • reaches the statutory retirement age (as of 2018, the retirement age in Lithuania is 63.8 for men and 62.4 for women); 
  • has the minimum social insurance contribution period required for the old-age pension (fifteen years). 

If a person does not have the required work seniority period of 15 years in Lithuania, in establishing their entitlement to a (retirement) pension, the aggregation of the insurance periods completed in some other countries, that is, the EU/EEA Member States, Switzerland as well as the countries with which bilateral agreements are concluded (other than Russia) is applied. 

Entitlement to a pension is established by adding together all the work/employment periods completed by the person, even though each country will make pension payment only for the work record acquired in that particular country. When a person has worked in several countries, a general rule that always applies is that two countries cannot award pension for the same work record. 

Non-EU nationals are entitled to old-age pensions if they hold a permanent residence permit and were insured with the compulsory state insurance. 

More information: 

Deprived persons can be provided with the following types of support: 

  • Social allowances 
  • Compensations of dwelling heating costs, drinking and hot water costs. 

Only persons who hold a permanent residence permit are entitled to receive social support for deprived residents. The support may also be granted if you are granted the status of subsidiary protection or temporary protection in the RL, except for the period of integration. Non-EU nationals who are granted temporary residence permits are not entitled to receive social support for deprived residents. 

Sources/other useful links: 

I am text block. Click edit button to change this text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

SHARE