All foreigners who obtain temporary or permanent residence permits are able to work officially in Lithuania.
The Law on the Legal Status of Aliens foresees the cases when a foreigner who wants to work in the Republic of Lithuania must obtain a work permit (Art. 57). Foreigners exempt from the obligation to obtain a work permit include those who have retained the right to the citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania; persons of Lithuanian descent; people arriving for the purposes of family reunification; foreigners, who have been taken into guardianship/curatorship or have been appointed a guardian/curator; foreigners who hold a permanent residence permit, mothers (for details, see Art. 58 of the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens).
If you want to be employed in Lithuania, first of all, we recommend approaching the regional Labour Exchange Office, where you will receive all the relevant services regarding the employment in Lithuania free of charge. Or you can visit the website of the Labour Exchange, where job advertisements and other important information is published. By registering to this website, you will be able to publish your CV which will be available to all employers looking for new employees.
It is important to notice that services of the Labour Exchange are available not only to jobless persons, but also to ones who hold a job. You can view job ads on the website, participate in vocational training and/or receive consultation on how to prepare your CV, etc.
You may also look for a job on your own, for instance, on an employment website (www.cvonline.lt; www.cvbankas.lt; www.cvmarket.lt; www.darbo.lt, etc.), apply to employment agencies or search for employment opportunities in Facebook groups (Darbas Vilniuje – Job in Vilnius; Darbas renginiuose, etc.)
The Lithuanian Labour Code is the main legal act that defines labour relations, wage, work, and leisure-time conditions.
The State Labour Inspectorate oversees the issues of employment and remuneration.
Before starting working at a hired job, you have to conclude with the hiring employer a written contract in two copies. In the employment contract, you have to agree on the workplace, job position and responsibilities you will take, the amount of your salary and the procedure of its payment. One copy of the employment contract is delivered to you, and the other one, to your employer.
If you started working without having concluded a written employment contract, or if the employer did not inform Sodra of the commencement of your employment, your work will be treated as illegal. Liability for illegal work is borne by employer, however you also experience negative consequences: individuals who work illegally are not insured with state social insurance and do not possess valid health insurance.
The duration of the ordinary work time should not exceed eight hours a day and 40 hours a week. Due to the specific nature of work, certain institutions may apply other working standards, but in any case, the work time may not exceed 48 hours a week. If you are employed by several employers or under several employment contracts, the duration of your working day may not exceed 12 hours.
In Lithuania, the minimum monthly wage is 607 EUR; the minimum wage per hour is 3,72 EUR (1 January 2020).
If you want to leave the job, you have to give your employer a notice of at least 14 working days. In addition, you have the right to terminate your employment contract by giving a writing notice to your employer three working days in advance if you are unable to carry out your work due to a disease or disability, or for any other legitimate reasons, as well as if your employer fails to carry out its obligations under the employment contract, infringes the laws or the collective agreement.
If you think that the employer fails to carry out its obligations under the employment contract or violates your rights in another way, you may address the standing Commission for Labour Disputes under the regional division of the State Labour Inspectorate.
You can also earn money in Lithuania by being self-employed or by establishing an enterprise. For more information, visit I Choose Lithuania (see the link below).
Useful links and contacts:
- Employment Service under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour
- State Labour Inspectorate under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour
- E-job search engine
- The list of shortage occupations (for the 1st half of 2020)
- Employment of Foreigners in Lithuania
- I Choose Lithuania. Work and Employment in Lithuania
- Jobs for Foreigners in Vilnius
- Work in Lithuania