At the beginning of 2017, 43.6 thousand foreigners were residing in Lithuania (1.53 per cent of the country’s resident population).
Lithuanians made up 86.9 %, Poles 5.6 %, Russians 4.6 %, other ethnic minorities 2.9 % of the country’s resident population.
In 2005–2016, 168.2 thousand persons immigrated to Lithuania, of whom 134.1 thousand (79.7 per cent) were Lithuanian repatriates, and 34.1 thousand (20.3 per cent) were foreigners.
In 2016, 8,133 temporary resident permits were issued and 6,834 were renewed. Majority of permits were issued to/renewed for foreigners who intended to take up employment in the Republic of Lithuania (6,450), following by lawful activities (2,487 permits), and enrolment in a higher education and research institution (2,371).
In 2016, 425 foreigners applied for asylum in Lithuania (by comparison, 627 applications were submitted in 2012). Refugee status was granted to 181 foreigners (compared to 17 persons in 2015); subsidiary protection was granted to 14 persons. In 2016, the most of the refugees (134 persons) were citizens of Syria.
During 2016, a total of 181 refugees were relocated from another EU Member State (Greece) to Lithuania (most of them (142) Syrians). In addition, 25 citizens of Syria were relocated from Turkey.
In 2016, 316 foreigners participated in the social integration program at the Refugee Reception Centre, and 174 foreigners attended the social integration program in municipalities.
In 2016, 173 foreigners acquired Lithuanian citizenship through naturalization.
Source: Migration Department, Statistics Lithuania