Although the record-high migratory flows to the EU witnessed during 2015 and 2016 had subsided by the end of 2017, sea arrivals remained at significant levels. In 2018 and in the years to come, considering the global repercussions of international and internal conflicts, climate change and the growing disparities between the EU and third countries, it is unlikely that migratory pressure will decrease. The EU must therefore find ways to adjust to the new reality and prepare for volatile forced migration flows.
Several measures to this end are currently under way, and the political priority is also reflected in the EU budget, where nearly €4.1 billion has been set aside for migration and security in 2018, bringing the total funding in these policy areas to €22 billion over the 2015-2018 period.
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