United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR) published its annual report on global trends of migration. The document informs about a record number of displaced people, which in 2019 accounted for more than 1 percent of human population.
Among almost 80 million people affected by the forced migration, more than half moved to other regions in their native country, whereas others – fled abroad as refugees or as individuals threatened by conflicts, persecutions and unrest. Among the latter, in 2019 there were more than 4 million people who were waiting for the outcome of their asylum applications.
Other indicators mentioned in the report are mainly worrying too. Although during the last decade the forced migration almost doubled, average annual number of refugees return home during the same period decreased almost 4 times. The report also indicates that around 80 percent of displaced people registered in countries and regions that are severely affected by malnutrition and insecurities, among which – risks of climate and natural disasters.